Also known as Corrective Jaw Surgery.
Orthognathic surgery is a procedure to correct conditions of the jaw and face related to
- Sleep Apnea
- TMJ Disorders
- Malocclusion of teeth leading changes in jaw and facial architecture.
- Problems related to orthodontics that cannot be easily treated with braces.
Jaw Bones can be cut and re-aligned, then with the help of either screws or plates they are held in place.
|WHERE IS IT DONE|
General Anaesthesia Or Local Anaesthesia
INCISIONS, STITCHES & SCARS
The surgeon often chooses an intra oral approach for the surgery. The incisions and sutures would be placed inside the mouth. Incisions if had to be made on the skin will be strategically placed so that they are not easily visible to the naked eye.
|STAY AT CLINIC|
HOW IS IT PERFORMED?
Based on your cosmetic goals the surgery may be performed on the upper jaw, lower jaw or both.
Upper jaw (maxillary osteotomy)
This is performed to correct these issues
- Open bite
- Upper jaw which is significantly receded
- Teeth which are showing too prominently or very little.
Lower jaw (mandibular osteotomy)
This is performed to correct a significantly receded lower jaw
Chin surgery (genioplasty)
A severely receded lower jaw often accompanies a deficient chin which can be fixed by this surgery.
In certain cases changing he structure of the jaw will cause the cheeks to become shallow and depressed. Implants may be inserted to compensate and give a fuller look.
|REST AT HOME BEFORE RESUMING OFFICE WORK|
AFTERCARE AND RECOVERY
- for minor surgeries: few weeks
- for a more complicated surgery: upto 1 year
Diet: After the surgery the patient will be placed on an all liquid diet gradually shifting to soft food and eventually to the regular hard food. Proper diet accelerates the healing process.
Pain management: For some procedures, there could only be a minimal pain due to minor nerve damage and lack of sensation. Medications would be prescribed when deemed necessary.
Antibiotics: A course of antibiotics will be prescribed to prevent any possible infections.
Swelling and bruising: A large amount of swelling and some degree of bruising would be present around the jaw area after the surgery, this a normal reaction and most of it would disappear in the first few weeks and the rest clearing over a few months.
FOLLOW UP VISITS
1 week after the surgery and a once every month for atlas 6 months. The surgeon checks on the healing status and makes sure the bone alignment is intact during these sessions. If he is unsatisfied with the mending process, he may recommend an additional surgery to rectify the malalignment. It is crucial that you avoid chewing any substance until the surgeon is satisfied with the healing of the new alignment and gives you the okay to go ahead with the soft and hard food substances.
HOW LONG WILL MY RESULTS LAST?
Orthognathic surgery yields permanent results, provided the patient takes adequate precautions follows the instructions given by the doctor for post-surgical care meticulously.
Maintain good communication with the aesthetic plastic surgeon
Keeping safety in mind as well as for the most beautiful outcome of the procedure, we advise that you visit the clinic for post procedure review and evaluation at prescribed times. Also do not hesitate to contact the doctor if you notice any changes in the treatment areas or when you have any concerns and queries.
Click here for the cost for Orthognathic surgery.
LIMITATIONS & RISKS
Significant complications from Orthognathic surgery, fortunately, are infrequent. Every year, thousands of people undergo this procedure successfully and are glad with the results. The risks specific to your health will be discussed during your consultation.
Some degree of risk will be present with every surgery. Some of the potential complications involved in all surgeries are
- Infection and bleeding
- Adverse response to the specific medications
- Damage to the underlying structures during the procedure
- Hematoma or seroma (an aggregation of blood or liquid under the skin that might require removal)
- Changes in sensation
- Unsatisfactory results that might necessitate additional procedures
There is a possibility for nerve damage during the surgery which can lead to some numbness in the face. This numbness may be either temporary ,or, more rarely, permanent.
The shape of the nose can sometimes be affected when the surgery involves the upper jaw. This affect can be reduced by a carefully planned and executed surgical plan. In some cases this change in the shape of nose is considered part of the benefit.
For optimal results and to minimize certain risks and it is crucial that you follow the instructions given by the doctor both before and after the surgery.